Bassoon Reed Cane – Arundo Donax
Bassoon reeds’ raw material called as Arundo Donax which grows in regions where soft water or lightly salty water has. Although there are many regions where cane (raw type of bassoon reed) can grow Mediterranean, Middle East, South America, Australia and India is the most sufficient places for cane. In Turkey most appropriate places are Aegean and Marmara region.
Arundo Donax is kind of legumes. It can easily be confused with the Bamboo plant but arundo donax have many different specialties which departs it from bamboo. As arundo donax grows its’ length can reach 4 to 6 meters. The body of the cane is hard but fragile. The outer surface of the cane contains epidermal cells which contains silicon that uses for glass production.
The ivy fibrous roots absorb the water and minerals from the earth. Foliage of the cane can grow from 5 to 8 cm and it has two layers. In the second year of growth body have some branches and in the same year the body part reaches from 2 to 7 mm thickness. As cane grows it turns from green to golden yellow. It approximately grows 0.7 per week, but this ratio can change according to the region, air conditions, earth type and humidity.
Cane can repair the shell of it self, when it gets hit or small cuts from the out side or damages resulting from the time, with the help of the silicon cells.
Growing Bassoon Cane
Arundo Donax is a highly resolute plant. It can grow in almost every kind of earth but the best type of area is where the moisture ratio is higher like lake sides, drains and rivers. Bassoon canes are also available to grow in subtropical areas (where the climate is cooler than tropical but still have the characteristics of tropical type) but growing level of the cane will not be enough.
The climatic characteristics of the region, soil structure, the area, watering, fertilization and harvesting at the right time plays an important role on canes’ quality. This plant germinates twice per year. First sprout, also known as the Male one, is more appropriate to modify for making bassoon reeds because of its’ non-porous and hard structure. After July cane gives the second sprout Female. This female cane is softer and porous. When they are compared male sprout grows slower than the female. In addition to this feature Male sprout is much more resistant to severe weather conditions such as frost and freeze.