“Zurna Tekniği” – Circular Breathing Technique
This technique is based on the prolongation of a tone. While exhaling, inhale at the same time to continue a note. This is used by generally woodwinds such as; oboe, bassoon, clarinet, flute but a few people could use in brass instruments. Generally, music was written not up to this technique but some players need extra breathing or do not want to cut a phrase to inhale. That is why circling breathing technique is so common among woodwind instruments.
Human body does not think about breathing because it is an automatic function. So the technique is not natural function that a body does. That is the reason that a player should study and teach to a body. There are some exercises that Zafer Küçük (is a master of Zurna playing) recommends.
Mr. Küçük says that ‘take a glass of water and pipe inside it. Breathe first and fulfill your cheeks whit air. You should use the muscle of your cheeks to exhale trough your mouth. Practice that by using first your hands and without hands. Get used to this then try to inhale trough your nose while exhaling trough mouth. Apply this technique with water.’
Players generally need such technique first when they physically needed second not to cut a musical phrase with breathing. The body functionally could not do such technique naturally as I mentioned. Also while practicing this you will notice that exhaling the air trough mouth the tong will close the breathing way on nose. Which means the tong takes a precaution and gets up towards to palate. Try this technique one more time and you will see these steps. Inhale deep start to play a note. When you are getting stuck fulfill your cheeks with air and swell it up. Use that stored up air, exhale trough mouth and feel your tong’s movement. It gets up; roof of the mouth. Inhale trough nose.
Circular breathing technique is common among reed instrument players basically. Cause the air that you send is vibrating the reed and that makes sound but in brass instruments you vibrate your lips to get the sound. The result is to be like; reed instrument player’s tone will not change or an audience would not understand that you used that technique or not. But a brass player’s would be understood by an audience because the sound will change very small. The tension between these two groups of players use is different. According to that reason there many varieties occur.